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Teen Pregnancy

The rate of teen pregnancy is important from a public health standpoint because it poses significant health risks for both the mother and child. In addition, teen pregnancy is more common among disadvantaged teens and can be a predictor of socioeconomic conditions for the mother and child later in life.
Teen pregnancy rate refers to the rate of pregnancy amongst women aged 15-19 years old in a population.  It includes the number of births as well as therapeutic abortions.  The teen pregnancy rate in the NWHU area has been relatively consistent in recent years, and has been higher than the provincial rate which has been decreasing over the same time period.
In 2013 there were 147 teen pregnancies in the NWHU area, which equals an incidence rate of 50.6 per 1,000 women aged 15-19.  This is statistically higher than the provincial rate in 2013 of 19.5 per 1,000.

Figure 1: Teen pregnancy rates, 2005-2013 
2017teenpregnancyratesSources:  Inpatient Discharges 2005-2013, IntelliHEALTH Ontario, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Date Extracted: January 15, 2016.   Ontario Therapeutic Abortion Database 2005-2013, IntelliHEALTH Ontario, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Date Extracted: January 15, 2016.
 
Looking at combined teen pregnancy rates between 2005 and 2013, Sioux Lookout had the highest rates at 55.7 per 1,000 women, which was statistically higher than the all-municipality combined rate of 38.7 per 1,000.  Kenora’s rate (49.0 per 1,000) was also statistically higher than the all-municipality rate. 
 
Red Lake had the lowest rate at 27.4 per 1,000, which was statistically lower than the all-municipality rate.  Atikokan also had a low rate at 28.9 per 1,000, but it had a high degree of uncertainty due to having a smaller sample size.
Figure 2: Teen pregnancy rates in the NWHU by municipality, 2005-2013 combined
 2017combinedteenpregnancyrate
Sources:  Inpatient Discharges 2005-2013, IntelliHEALTH Ontario, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Date Extracted: January 15, 2016.   Ontario Therapeutic Abortion Database 2005-2013, IntelliHEALTH Ontario, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Date Extracted: January 15, 2016.