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Injuries

There is a wide variety of injuries that affect everyone, especially within different stages of life. For instance, injuries for children and teenagers can range from sports and recreational activity to consumer product-related injuries while older adults may more frequently accrue injuries from unintentional falls. Injuries can contribute to a lower quality of life as well as an increased risk for morbidity and mortality[1]


These statistics outline trends in injuries in the broadest sense; all injuries from all causes. The NWHU monitors trends in mortality and hospitalization from all injuries within our catchment area.

Hospitalizations

Hospitalizations due to all injuries were significantly higher in the NWHU area compared with Ontario as a whole from 2010 to 2014. The average rate within the NWHU area was 853.9 hospitalizations per 100,000 per year while the province had an average of 459.9 hospitalizations per 100,000 per year. This difference is statistically significant, with the NWHU rate being just under twice as high as the provincial rate.

Hospitalization rates from injuries were highest in people 75 years of age and older (3,118.8 hospitalizations per 100,000).  Rates have also been statistically higher in males than females; on average, 901.4 per 100,000 males per year compared with 803.2 per 100,000 females per year​.


Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Hospitalization for all injuries 2010-2014. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 July 5]. Available from: http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/Injury-Hospitalization.aspx​

Hospitalization from all injuries in the NWHU by sex, rates per 100,000, 2010-2014

​​Age-standardized rate per 100,000​​​​​​​​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Sex 2010 2011 ​​2012 2013 2014 Average
Males ​1,023.8 ​973.2 ​987.0 ​650.1 ​872.7 ​901.4
Females ​850.9 ​790.7 ​773.9 ​833.5 ​767.1 ​803.2
 Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Hospitalization for all injuries 2010-2014. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 July 5]. Available from: http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/Injury-Hospitalization.aspx

Hospitalization from all injuries in the NWHU by age group, rates per 100,000, 2010-2014

Age-spe​cific rate per 100,000​​​​​​​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
Age 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Average
0-19 541.8​ 534.0​ 558.4​ 442.9​ 597.0​ 534.8​
20-44 ​1,123.3 ​924.6 ​982.1 729.0 ​873.1 926.2​
45-64 602.8​ 650.6​ 609.5​ 552.9​ 606.0​ 604.4​
65-74 1,160.2​ 1,029.9​ 1,135.7​ 1,083.4​ 719.2​ 1,025.7​
75+ 3,049.1​ 3,466.6​ 2,953.2​ 3,273.0​ 2,852.3​ ​3,118.8​
Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Hospitalization for all injuries 2010-2014. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 July 5]. Available from: http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/Injury-Hospitalization.aspx

Mortality

From 2007 to 2011, mortality rates for all injuries were significantly higher in the NWHU area compared to the province. The average mortality rate during this time in the NWHU was 76.2 deaths per 100, 000 per year, in comparison to the province where it was 35.0 deaths per 100,000 per year. The difference is statistically significant, with the NWHU rate being more than twice as high as the provincial rate.

Male rates in the NWHU were more than twice as high as female rates (104.4 per 100,000 per year vs 48.4 per 100,000 per year). The highest mortality rates were in people aged 75 and older (282.8 deaths per 100,000 people). 


Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Mortality from all injuries 2007-2011. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 July 7]. Available from http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/Injury-Mortality.aspx

Mortality from all injuries in the NWHU by sex, rates per 100,000, 2007-2011

Age-standardized rate per 100,000​​​​​​​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
Sex 2007 2008 ​2009 2010​ ​2011 ​Average
Males ​79.2 ​100.1 ​106.2 ​116.3 ​120.1 ​104.4
Females ​36.7 ​47.5 ​66.3 ​44.5 ​46.8 ​48.4
Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Mortality from all injuries 2007-2011. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 July 7]. Available from http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/Injury-Mortality.aspx​

Mortality from all injuries in the NWHU by age-group, rates per 100,000, 2007-2011

​​​​​​​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​Age-sp​ecific rate per 100,000
Age 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Average
0-19 ​46.7 ​64.9 ​65.7 ​44.4 ​40.1 ​52.4
20-44 ​45.5 ​62.5 ​95.6 ​113.5 ​114.6 ​86.3
45-64 ​41.0 ​75.7 ​56.7 ​38.8 ​47.1 ​51.9
65-74 ​54.1 ​123.2 ​86.3 ​67.3 ​49.0 ​76.0
75+ ​309.8 ​264.9 ​243.6 ​280.8 ​315.1 ​282.8​
Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Mortality from all injuries 2007-2011. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 July 7]. Available from http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/Injury-Mortality.aspx

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1] “Injury prevention.” Public Health Agency of Canada. Government of Canada, 2013. Accessed: 4 July 2016. Retrieved from  http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/inj-bles/index-eng.php​