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Fertility

The fertility rate refers to the total number of live births per 1,000 women of reproductive age (15-49 years).  This is a more realistic way of looking at fertility in a population than the crude birth rate as it only includes women aged 15-49 in the denominator, rather than the entire population. Fertility rate is a more accurate description of birth than crude birth rate because it excludes males from the denominator.

The 917 live births in 2015 in the NWHU area equals a general fertility rate of 53.3 per 1,000 women of reproductive age.  This is statistically higher than the Ontario rate in 2015 of 44.1 per 1,000.  Fertility rates in the NWHU area have been relatively stable over the past number of years.  

Figure 1: Fertility rates, 2005-2015​

fertility rates 2005-2015

Source:  Inpatient Discharges 2005-2015, IntelliHEALTH Ontario, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Date Extracted: January 15, 2016​


In the NWHU area women in their twenties have had the highest fertility rates.  Rates have generally ranged between 70 and 90 live births per 1,000 women.  As expected the lowest rates are amongst women in their late thirties and forties​.


Figure 2:  Fertility rates in the NWHU by age group, 2005-2015

fertility rates by age group

Source:  Inpatient Discharges 2005-2015, IntelliHEALTH Ontario, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Date Extracted: January 15, 2016​


Similar to crude birth rate trends, Sioux Lookout has had the highest general fertility rates in the region and the lowest have been in Atikokan along with Red Lake.​

Figure 3:  Fertility rates in the NWHU by municipality, 2005-2015

fertility rates by municipality

Source:  Inpatient Discharges 2005-2015, IntelliHEALTH Ontario, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Date Extracted: January 15, 2016​