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Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic condition in which blood sugar levels are elevated over a prolonged period of time.  Serious long-term complications of diabetes include heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, and other conditions.  The NWHU monitors local trends in hospitalization and mortality from diabetes​​​.

Hospitalization rates from diabetes, NWHU and Ontario, 2010-2014 

diabetes hospitalization rates
Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Hospitalization for Diabetes 2010-2014. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 May 30]. Available from: http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/Chronic-Disease-Hospitalization.aspx


Hospitalization from diabetes in the NWHU by sex, rates per 100,000, 2010-2014

​​​​​​Age-standardized rate per 100,000​​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
Sex 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Average
Males ​264.7 ​234.9 265.0 ​312.9 ​228.1 ​261.1
Females ​114.1 ​188.6 ​195.5 ​222.6 ​296.8 ​​203.5
Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Hospitalization for Diabetes 2010-2014. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 May 30]. Available from: http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/Chronic-Disease-Hospitalization.aspx​


Hospitalization from diabetes in the NWHU by age group, rates per 100,000, 2010-2014

Age-specific rate per 100,000 ​​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
Age group 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Average
0-19 ​40.0 ​44.5 ​45.0 ​22.8 ​13.8 ​33.2
​20-44 ​121.7 ​192.3 ​180.8 ​227.8 ​259.5 ​196.4
45-64 ​271.3 ​359.6 343.4 ​423.3 ​484.8 ​​376.5
65-74 ​605.3 ​457.7 ​715.6 ​697.5 ​445.9 ​584.4
​75+ ​742.2 ​433.3 ​563.4 ​693.1 ​532.4 ​​​592.9
Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Hospitalization for Diabetes 2010-2014. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 May 30]. Available from: http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/Chronic-Disease-Hospitalization.aspx​

Mortality

On average, mortality rates for diabetes within the NWHU were slightly higher than the province as a whole between 2007 and 2011 (32.5 cases per 100,000 per year versus 27.6 per 100,000 per year). Both experienced slight downward trends throughout this time period.

Mortality rates for diabetes generally increased with age, where the highest rate was among those aged 75 years and older at 250.6 cases per 100,000 per year in the NWHU area. 

Mortality rates from diabetes, NWHU and Ontario, 2007-2011

 mortality rates from diabetes
Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Mortality from diabetes 2007-2011. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 June 30]. Available from: http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/Chronic-Disease-Mortality.aspx​



Mortality from diabetes in the NWHU by sex, rates per 100,000, 2007-2011

​​​​​​Age-standardized rate per 100,000​​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
Sex 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Average
Males ​27.9 ​36.5 34.2 ​36.6 ​27.4 ​32.5
Females ​34.1 ​25.4 ​34.7 ​20.1 ​23.7 ​​27.6
Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Mortality from diabetes 2007-2011. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 June 30]. Available from: http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/Chronic-Disease-Mortality.aspx

Hospitalization from diabetes in the NWHU by age group, rates per 100,000, 2010-2014

Age-specific rate per 100,000 ​​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
Age group 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Average
0-19 ​0.0 ​0.0 ​0.0 ​0.0 ​0.0 ​0.0
​20-44 ​3.8 ​7.8 ​4.0 ​43.1 ​25.7 ​36.9
45-64 ​41.0 ​26.7 48.0 ​43.1 ​25.7 ​​36.9
65-74 ​144.3 ​105.6 ​189.8 ​84.1 ​130.8 ​130.9
​75+ ​247.8 ​285.2 ​223.3 ​240.7 ​256.1 ​​​250.6

Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Mortality from diabetes 2007-2011. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 June 30]. Available from: http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/Chronic-Disease-Mortality.aspx​