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Crude Birth Rate

The crude birth rate is the number of live births per 1,000 people in the population per year.  This rate can be influenced by the age structure of the population; for example, a population with proportionally more women of child-bearing age might have a correspondingly higher crude birth rate. 

Crude birth rate is an important public health indicator because it is associated with the socioeconomic status of the region. Countries with higher birth rates are typically of lower socioeconomic status when compared to countries with fewer births.

In Canada, there were 388,729 births in 2015, with the crude rate being 10.9 per 1,0001.

In the NWHU area, crude birth rates have remained relatively stable over the past decade, and have been slightly higher than the provincial rate.  In 2015 there were 917 live births in the area, which equals a crude birth rate of 11.3 per 1,000.

Figure 1:  Crude birth rate, 2005-2015​

crude birth rate fig 1

Source:  Inpatient Discharges 2005-2015, IntelliHEALTH Ontario, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Date Extracted: January 15, 2016


Of the larger municipalities in the NWHU area, Sioux Lookout has had the highest crude birth rates.  Overall, between 2005 and 2015 the crude birth rate in Sioux Lookout was 15.3 per 1,000 people per year.  Atikokan had the lowest rate during the same time period, at 7.5 per 1,000 per year, just under half as high as the rate in Sioux Lookout.


Figure 2:  Crude birth rates in the NWHU by municipality,2005-2015

crude birth rate by municipality

Source:  Inpatient Discharges 2005-2015, IntelliHEALTH Ontario, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Date Extracted: January 15, 2016



References

1 Statistics Canada. (2015). Birth estimates by provinces and territories. Retrieved from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/tables-tableaux/sum-som/l01/cst01/demo04a-eng.htm​