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Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease refers to broad category that includes all diseases related to the heart and blood vessels.  It encompasses cerebrovascular diseases, stroke, and other heart diseases under one broad category.  The NWHU monitors trends in hospitalization and mortality from cardiovascular disease in the catchment area

Hospitalization

From 2010 to 2014, hospitalization rates for cardiovascular disease were significantly higher in the NWHU area than in Ontario. The average rate provincially was 728.9 hospitalizations per 100,000 per year, compared with 1,016.5 hospitalizations per 100,000 per year in the NWHU region. Both areas exhibited a slight decrease overtime in hospitalization rates, with the exception of the NWHU experiencing a slight increase only in 2014.

On average, males in the NWHU area were 1.4 times as likely to be hospitalized due to cardiovascular disease as females. Hospitalization significantly increased along with age, where the highest rates occurred among those 75 years of age and older (average of 8,423.5 hospitalizations per 100,000 per year)

Hospitalization rates from cardiovascular disease, NWHU and Ontario, 2010-2014

Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Hospitalization for cardiovascular disease 2010-2014. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 May 26]. Available from: http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/Chronic-Disease-Hospitalization.aspx​

Hospitalization rates from cardiovascular disease, by sex, rates per 100,000, 2010-2014
​​Age-standardized rate per 100,000​​​​​​​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
Sex 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Average
Males ​​1,277.7 ​1,236.8 ​1,176.1 ​1,098.1 ​1,194.0 ​ 1,196.5
Females ​860.6 ​878.6 ​847.5 ​827.1 ​784.2 ​​839​.6
  Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Hospitalization for cardiovascular disease 2010-2014. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 May 26]. Available from: http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/Chronic-Disease-Hospitalization.aspx

Hospitalization rates from cardiovascular disease, by age group, rates per 100,000, 2010-2014
​​Age-specific rate per 100,000​​​​​​​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
Age​ 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Average
0-19 ​​35.5 ​48.0 ​18.0 ​82.2 ​45.9 ​ 45.9
​20-44 ​223.0 ​270.0 ​254.8 ​223.7 ​263.6 ​​247.0
​45-64 ​​​1,468.3 ​1,502.4 ​1,493.8 ​1,360.7 ​1,515.0 ​1,468.0
65-74 ​4,102.9 ​3,858.1 ​3,671.4 3,369.0 ​3,394.7 ​​3,679.2
​75+ ​​​9,027.1 ​8,469.6 ​8,451.5 ​8,201.8 ​7,967.3 ​5,236.5

Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Hospitalization for cardiovascular disease 2010-2014. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 May 26]. Available from: http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/Chronic-Disease-Hospitalization.aspx​


Mortality

There has been no significant differences in mortality rates from cardiovascular disease in Ontario and the NWHU area between 2007 and 2011. NWHU is slightly higher with approximately 157.4 deaths per 100,000 people annually compared to 140.4 per 100,000 in Ontario.

Males had a higher mortality rate from cardiovascular disease in comparison to females from 2007 to 2011 in the NWHU, at approximately 186.7 deaths per 100,000 per year compared to 129.34 per 100,000 per year, with the difference being statistically significant. Mortality significantly increased along with age, where the highest rates occurring among those 75 years of age and older (2,292.7 per 100,000 per year).

 opening chart re statistics on cardiovascular mortality rates
Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Mortality from cardiovascular disease 2007-2011. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 June 24]. Available from: http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/Chronic-Disease-Mortality.aspx
Mortality rates from cardiovascular disease, NWHU and Ontario, 2007-2011
​​Age-standardized rate per 100,000​​​​​​​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
Sex​ 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Average
Males ​​217.7 ​141.0 ​213.9 ​189.8 ​171.0 ​ 186.7
​Females ​125.3 128.2 ​167.6 ​118.1 ​107.5 129.3
Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Mortality from cardiovascular disease 2007-2011. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 June 24]. Available from: http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/
Chronic-Disease-Mortality.aspx


​​​​​​​​​​Age-specific rate per 100,000​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​
​Age 2007 2008 2009 2010 2010 Average
0-19 ​0.0 ​0.0 ​0.0 ​0.0 ​​0.0 ​0.0
20-44 ​11.4 ​7.8 ​15.9 ​8.1 ​16.4 ​11.9
45-64 ​104.8 ​84.6 ​74.2 ​120.6 ​85.6 ​94.0
65-74 ​577.2 ​598.3 ​897.3 ​386.7 ​343.3 ​560.6
75+ ​2,540.3 ​1,752.2 ​2,638.5 ​2,306.9 ​2,225.7 ​2,292.7
Source:  Public Health Ontario. Snapshots: Mortality from cardiovascular disease 2007-2011. Toronto, ON: Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion; 2016 Feb 1 [cited 2016 June 24]. Available from: http://www.publichealthontario.ca/en/DataAndAnalytics/Snapshots/Pages/Chronic-Disease-Mortality.aspx

  
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