Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a parasite called trichmonas vaginalis. If left untreated it can lead to serious health problems. It can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID can lead to infertility or the inability to have children.
How do you get/give it?
You can get trichomoniasis if you have unprotected vaginal sex with a person who already has the infection. If you are pregnant, trichomoniasis can cause your baby to be born early or weigh less than normal.
How can you tell if you have it?
You may have trichomoniasis and not have any signs or symptoms. You can pass it on without even knowing that you have it.
If you do have symptoms, you might notice:
- A change or an increase in discharge from your vagina.
- an itchy vagina.
- pain during vaginal sex.
- a burning feeling when you urinate.
- A burning feeling when you urinate.
- discharge coming from the penis.
- burning or itching around the hole of your penis.
How do you get tested?
If you are a female, a doctor or nurse will check for infection by taking a swab from the vagina. Testing is not usually done for males.
Where do I get tested?
You can be tested by your healthcare provider or by making an appointment at the Sexual Health Clinic
How is it treated?
Trichomoniasis can be cured with antibiotics. It is important to tell your sexual partner(s) that you have trichomoniasis. They also need to be treated.
You and your partner should not have sex until you have completed treatment. Even if you are treated, you can get trichomoniasis again if you have sex with someone who is infected.
How do I not get trichomoniasis?
The only way to protect yourself 100% is to not have sex.
If you choose to have sex, you should use a condom
every time, even if you are using birth control, to lower your chance of getting trichomoniasis or other STIs
. Free condoms are available through the health unit.