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Birth Control Pill

The birth control pill, or oral contraceptive pill, is a hormonal birth control option that prevents pregnancy in women. These prescription pills are taken once a day at the same time each day.
Birth control pills are available under a variety of brand names with various strengths and formulations. There are two main forms of birth control pill:   
  • Combination pill which contains two female hormones similar to the body’s own estrogen and progesterone.
  • Progestin-only pill (or mini-pill), which does not contain estrogen.

Effectiveness
When pills are taken at the proper time, this is an effective method of birth control. The pill is 99.7% effective with perfect use.  The birth control pill does not protect against STIs or HIV/AIDS. It is best to always use a condom when having sex even if you are using birth control. Free condoms are available through the health unit.

Cost
Available through the Sexual Health Clinic for $10-20. Prices are subject to change without notice. Please call ahead for up-to-date prices. Contact your local health unit office for information about payment options. Condoms are available at no charge. 

 
How birth control pills work
The pills:
  • Stop the release of a mature egg (meaning you don’t ovulate).
  • Thicken the cervical mucus making it difficult for sperm to get to the egg. 
  • Change the lining of the uterus making implantation difficult.

Benefits
  • Simple, convenient and effective.
  • Can regulate and lighten periods.
  • Can help with PMS and cramps. 
It is important that the birth control pill be taken once a day at the same time each day. Learn more about taking your pills on time and what to do if you have missed a pill.