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Tips for Preventing Infectious Disease

  1. Wash your hands with soap and water then rub your hands vigorously together and scrub all surfaces. Wash for 15-20 seconds. It is the soap combined with the scrubbing action that helps dislodge and remove germs.
  2. Practice respiratory etiquette - cover your mouth and nose when you sneeze or cough.
  3. Drink plenty of water - your lungs, nose, throat and eyes use liquid to clean out germs and dirt, so give your body lots of liquid to keep these systems working.
  4. Wash cuts in soap and water and cover them with a bandage to give your body a chance to heal.  
  5. Use protective clothing - use gloves to protect your skin, goggles to protect your eyes, and a mask to protect the inside of your nose and throat when you are doing work that might cause dirt, germs or chemicals to fly into your face. Use warm clothing to prevent your skin from being damaged in cold weather. Use light, long clothing to protect your skin from being damaged by the sun and insect bites.
  6. Help your body function at its best - limit use of alcohol and drugs, exercise regularly and eat a variety of healthy foods to help your body do its best to keep harmful germs out.
  7. When your body pushes dirt out, don’t put it back in - use tissues when you cough or sneeze, and then throw them out. Wash your hands frequently.
  8. Get an annual flu shot and keep other immunizations up-to-date to drastically reduce your chances of contracting diseases.
  9. Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth
  10. Keep things clean on a regular basis - clean desks, tables, phones and doorknobs with a disinfectant. Keep counters and other kitchen surfaces clean when preparing meals. Promptly refrigerate leftovers.
  11. Practice safe sex - use condoms if you or your partner has a history of sexually transmitted disease or high-risk behaviour - or abstain altogether.
  12. Don't share personal items - use your own toothbrush, comb and razor blade.
  13. Keep your pets healthy - bring your pet to a veterinarian for regular care and vaccinations. Feed your pet a healthy diet and keep your pet's living area clean.

 When you do get sick, do the right thing

  • Use antibiotics sensibly - only take antibiotics when necessary and take them exactly as directed - don't stop taking them early because symptoms have stopped.
  • Stay home when you are sick and check with a health care provider when needed. Keeping your distance from others may help protect them from getting sick. Your employer may need a doctor's note for an excused absence.  Don't go to work if you're vomiting, have diarrhea or are running a fever. Don't send your child to school if he or she has these signs and symptoms either.
  • Travel wisely - don't fly when you're ill. With so many people confined to such a small area, you may infect other passengers in the plane.