Mumps is an acute infectious disease caused by a virus and can cause serious illness.
What are the symptoms of mumps?
Symptoms of mumps include fever, swelling and tenderness of the salivary glands, headache, muscle aches, loss of appetite and tiredness. Orchitis (painful swelling of the testicles) can develop in males and oophoritis (painful swelling of the ovaries) can develop in females. Mumps can also cause meningitis
, hearing loss and pancreatitis.
How is mumps spread?
The infection is spread through direct contact with saliva from an infected person. It is easily spread by talking, coughing or sneezing.
A vaccine for mumps is available in combination with measles and rubella vaccine and is recommended for all children. The first dose should be given on or after the first birthday and the second dose given at least one month after the first.
More to know:
- All children entering school and child care must have documented receipt of MMR (Measles, Mumps and Rubella) vaccine.
- Mumps can cause spontaneous abortions if you get it in the first trimester of pregnancy.