This 3 in 1 vaccine protects people against tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis (whooping cough).
Who should get the Tdap vaccine?
A one-time dose of Tdap vaccine is given to teenagers who have received an initial series of the pertussis vaccine.
A one-time dose of Tdap vaccine is given to adults 19-64 years of age that have not received an adolescent dose.
Who should not get the dTap vaccine?
- Anyone with a high fever or serious infection worse than a cold should delay immunization until after recovery.
- Anyone who has had a serious allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) to this vaccine or the tetanus diphtheria (Td) vaccine.
- Anyone who has had a severe allergic reaction to any component of the vaccine.
Common Side Effects
Side effects are mild and usually last for only a few days after getting the needle. Mild pain, swelling and redness are common at the spot where the needle was given. A few people may get a mild fever, upset stomach, body aches or feel tired for a day or two after the needle. Severe reactions are very rare.
Tetanus or lockjaw is a serious disease that can happen if dirt with the tetanus germ gets into a cut in the skin. Tetanus germs are found everywhere, usually in soil, dust, and manure. It does not spread from person to person. Tetanus can cause severe muscle spasms, which may begin near the injury, then spread too many muscles of the body. Even with early treatment, tetanus kills two out of every 10 people who get it.
Diphtheria is a serious disease of the nose, throat and skin. It causes sore throat, fever and chills. It can be complicated by breathing problems, heart failure and nerve damage. Diphtheria kills about one out of every 10 people who get the disease. It is most often passed to others through coughing and sneezing.
Pertussis is called “whooping cough” because of the typical whoop sound made at the end of a severe coughing spell. However, in infants younger than 6 months, the whoop is often absent. The pertussis germ is carried in the nose and throat and is very contagious. When an infected person coughs or sneezes, the germ can be spread to others in close contact and can last for many weeks. Teenagers and adults are often responsible for infecting infants. The illness can be much more severe in infants under one year of age. If you are not protected against pertussis through vaccination, you can become ill.