Diabetes is a chronic disease that is caused by raised glucose or sugar levels in a person's blood. Our bodies use the hormone insulin to control blood glucose and store energy in our muscles. When there is not enough insulin made, or the body cannot use insulin properly, diabetes occurs.
There are two types of diabetes - type 1 and type 2.
Type 1 diabetes is most often a childhood form of diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is most common and results from unhealthy lifestyle habits. If not treated or properly managed, diabetes can result in a variety of complications, including:
- Heart disease and stroke.
- Kidney disease.
- Eye disease.
- Erectile dysfunction (impotence).
- Nerve damage.
Northwestern Ontario has a higher prevalence of diabetes (11.3%) than the rest of the province (9.7%). The number of hospitalizations for diabetes in our region is more than double that of the province.
What if I already have type 2 diabetes?
Living with Diabetes