An important first step to preventing type 2 diabetes is recognizing things about yourself and your habits that put you at risk for developing the disease.
You have an increased risk of getting type 2 diabetes if you:
- Have a family member - parent, brother or sister - with diabetes.
- Are Aboriginal, Hispanic, South Asian, Asian or African.
- Gave birth to a baby that weighed over four kilograms (nine pounds) at birth.
- Had diabetes during pregnancy.
- Have been told you have 'prediabetes' by your health care provider.
- Have high blood pressure or high cholesterol or other fats in your blood.
- Are overweight.
- Are physically inactive and follow a high-fat diet.
Check out the Canadian Diabetes Risk Questionnaire to find out your level of risk.
Some of the risk factors for diabetes are beyond our control. For example, we cannot change our genetics or our family history of a disease. Fortunately, for type 2 diabetes most of the risk factors can be changed.
There are small changes that can be made, like eating well, getting active and quitting smoking, to decrease the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Learn more about changing what you can to lead a healthier lifestyle.
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